The Chairperson of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada has identified Refugee Appeal Division decision
TC1-05038 as a jurisprudential guide.
Jurisprudential guides are tools for decision-makers. They are IRB decisions that model sound decision-making on a topic. The Chairperson of the IRB selects decisions that will become jurisprudential guides. Jurisprudential guides support high-quality, consistent decision-making while respecting decision-makers' independence.
This decision gives guidance on how to properly assess claims for protection from claimants who say they have experienced gang-targeting or other criminal acts. It also sets out a clear way to consider the 'generalized risk' exception to protection under paragraph 97(1)(b) of the
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).
For further details, please refer to the
Policy note for identification of TC1‑05038 as a Refugee Appeal Division Jurisprudential Guide.